When a vertebra becomes misaligned or moves out of its normal position, it is referred to in the chiropractic profession as a subluxation or the Vertebral Subluxation Complex (VSC). A wide range of issues can cause VSC ranging from a minor slip or bump to a car accident or sudden trauma. A vertebra is subluxated and pressures nerves, blood vessels, and other surrounding structures.
The subluxation interrupts the natural nerve pathways that carry messages to and from the brain. In addition, as time goes by and the subluxation remains untreated, the spine and surrounding features such as discs can begin to degenerate.
This degeneration becomes more difficult to reverse as time passes and the surrounding muscles, nerves, and bones begin to adjust to the new shape. Because the body is a remarkable machine, it will start to accommodate these changes by compensating in other areas. The longer the subluxation is untreated, the longer it will take for treatment to return the vertebrae to their normal position.
You can identify vertebral subluxation by its five components:
- Spinal Kinesiopathology (movement of the bones)
- Neuropathophysiology (nerve dysfunction)
- Myopathology (muscle changes)
- Histopathology (tissue damage)
- Pathophysiology (abnormal growth)
Chiropractors are experts in the manipulation of soft and hard tissue. Small, quick movements to the spine can reposition the vertebrae into their natural position. Through treatment, correction of vertebral subluxation can be back to healthy functionality.